Japanese word list

 

Katakana words (1)Japanese verbs from English

 

Nihon-go  ni wa  Eigo  kara  tsukurareta  dooshi  ga  takusan  ari-masu.

Ikutsuka  no  Eigo  no  kotoba wa  bunmatsu  ni  ” suru”  o  tsukeru  koto  de,

dooshi  ni  nari-masu. ” suru”  o  tsukeru  koto  wa, meishi  o  dooshi  ni  suru

mottomo  ippanteki  na  hoohoo  desu.

<translation>

There are many verbs making with English in Japanese.Some English words become verbalized by adding “suru” at the end.  Adding “suru” is the most common way to verbalize a katakana noun.

 

■ Yoku tsukau Katakana dooshi  no  rei 

Examples ; Katakana verbs from English

 

Rei  o  mite-mimashoo!  /  Look at the examples!

 

Katakana (noun)  +  suru   →  dooshi (verb)

 

 1  jogingu suru   to jog  jogging + suru
 2  chekku suru   to check, to confirm, to make sure  check + suru
 3  katto suru   to cut (meat, hair)  cut + suru
 4  gooru suru   to goal  goal + suru
 5  oopun suru   to open (a shop)  open + suru
 6  rentaru suru   to rent  rental + suru
 7  teiku auto suru   to take out, to take away  take out + suru
 8  sutoppu suru   to stop  stop + suru
 9  sutaato suru   to start  start + suru
 10  kopii suru   to copy  copy + suru

※ suru →   casual form of ” shimasu”         「jogingu-suru」

※ shimasu →  polite way to say ” suru” 「jogingu-shimasu」

 

■  Reibun

Example sentences using verbs from English words.

 

raishuu  eki  no  mae  ni  itarian  resutoran  ga  oopun  shimasu.

らいしゅう えきの まえに イタリアンレストランが オープンします

= An Italian restaurant will open in front of the station next week.

Maishuu  nichi-yoobi  wa  jogingu  (o) shimasu.

まいしゅう にちようびは ジョギング(を) します

= I jog every Sunday. (I do some jogging every Sunday)

donogurai  katto  shimasu  ka?

どのぐらい カットしますか

= How long do you want me to cut?  (or How short would you like it?)  <at a barber>

3㎝ gurai  katto  shite-kudasai.

3㎝ぐらい カットしてください

= Could you please cut my hair 3 cm (in length).

repooto  o  chekku  shite  morae-masu  ka?

レポートを チェックしてもらえますか?

= Could you please check my report?

maiasa  meeru  o  chekku  shimasu.

まいあさ メールを チェックします

= I check my Email every morning.

 

 

■ Yokutsukau  Katakana  verbs (2)

  Examples ; Katakana verbs from English

 

 11  kiipu suru  to keep ~
 12  torai suru  to try
 13  charenji suru  to challenge
 14  chenji suru  to change
 15  imeeji suru  to imagine
 16  misu suru  to make a mistake, to fail
 17  kabaa suru  to cover
 18  sheaa suru  to share
 19  sapooto suru  to support
 20  appu suru  to upload (a video clip),to post (photos),  to go up/rise
 21  daun suru  to fall (His grades have fallen) (I was down with the flu)
 22  purasu suru  to plus, to add
 23  mainasu suru  to reduce
 24  oobaa suru  to be over, to go over (beyond), to be exceeded
 25  rekuesuto suru  to request
 26  kyanseru suru  to cancell
 27  kyacchi suru  to catch (a ball), to recieve (information)
 28  deeto suru  to go out with someone, to go on a date, to date
 29  purezento suru  to give someone something (gift, birthday present)
 30  nokku suru  to knock

 

■ Reibun  /  Example sentences using “Katakana verbs.”

sumimasen,  yoyaku  o  kanseru  shitai-n  desu kedo ・・・.

すみません、よやくを キャンセルしたいんですけど・・・。

= I’d like to cancel my reserveation.

watashi  wa  tomodachi  to  apaato  o  sheaa  shite-i masu.

わたしは ともだちと アパートを シェアーしています

= I share an apartment with my friend.

kinoo  facebook  ni  shashin  o  appu-shimashita.

きのう フェイスブックに しゃしんを アップしました

= I uploded(posted) some photos to facebook yesterday.

seiseki  ga  appu  shita.   せいせきが アップした

= My grades has improved.

mukashi  no  kanojo  ni  tomodachi  requesto  (o)  shita.

むかしの かのじょに ともだちリクエスト(を)した

= I sent my ex girlfriend a friend request. 

iroiro  na  koto  ni  charenji  shitai.

いろいろなことに チャレンジしたい

= I want to try to challenge myself to various things

hairu  mae  ni  nokku  shite  kudasai.

はいるまえに ノックしてください

Please knock before you come in.

kyoo  shigoto  de  ooki  na  misu  o  shita.

きょう しごとで おおきな ミスを した。

I made a big mistake at work today.